Decrease loading times via .htaccess

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Here is a really nifty trick I've been using for a while to decrease the time a page takes to load. Add the following lines of code to your .htaccess file:

FileETag none # Turn off eTags
<IfModule mod_expires.c> # Check that the expires module has been installed
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresDefault "access plus 10 years"
ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 10 years"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 10 years"
ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 10 years"
ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 10 years"
ExpiresByType text/html "access plus 1 seconds"
ExpiresByType text/javascript "access plus 10 years"
ExpiresByType application/x-unknown-content-type "access plus 10 years"
ExpiresByType application/x-javascript "access plus 10 years"
<IfModule mod_gzip.c> # check if gZip support has been installed
mod_gzip_on Yes
mod_gzip_dechunk Yes
mod_gzip_item_include file .(html?|txt|css|js|php|pl)$
mod_gzip_item_include handler ^cgi-script$
mod_gzip_item_include mime ^text.*
mod_gzip_item_include mime ^application/x-javascript.*
mod_gzip_item_exclude mime ^image.*
mod_gzip_item_exclude rspheader ^Content-Encoding:.*gzip.*
View on Gist Github

This quick and easy method tells the user to cache files which are unlikely to change for 10 years (feel free to change the amount of time) and HTML for 1 second. It also turns off eTags.

Update: I also added a another piece of code I use which turns on Gzip, which reduces the amount of bandwidth required to transfer a file.

This was written by Mike Rogers, a freelance Ruby on Rails developer based in London.

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If you want to discuss this post, feel free to tweet me (@MikeRogers0) or drop me an email. Any code samples unless stated otherwise are licensed under the The MIT License (MIT). Spotted a mistake? Send me a pull request :)